There is a trivial joy for perishable, worldly affairs and pleasures…
Like Solomon’s joy with what he toiled under the sun (Eccl. 1:3) and Jonahs joy with the plant more than with the Salvation of Nineveh. The same kind of joy is that of the elder son, when he said to his father, “You never gave me a young goat that I might make merry with my friends.” (Luke 15:29)
One type of the false joy is the joy of some people over their talents as the disciples were joyful in casting evil spirits, so the Lord said to them, “Do not rejoice in this, that the spirits are subject to you, but rather rejoice because your names are written in heaven.”(Luke 10:20)
The worst type of joy is being joyful over other’s suffering. About this the apostles said, “Love does not rejoice in iniquity, ” (1 Cor. 13:6) as those who rejoice in people’s loss. Solomon says, “Do not rejoice when your enemy falls.” (Prov. 24:17) This wicked joy is called gloating.
As for the holy joy, it eminates from the fruits of the spirit. (Gal. 5:22)
The disciples rejoiced when they saw the Lord, and the Magi when they saw the star, and the righteous rejoiced over the fruits of their holy toil, “Those who sow in tears, shall reap in joy.” (Ps. 126:5).
The Bible has explained to us the joy of your salvation and the joy of the shepherds when the angel said to them, “Behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy… for there is born to you this day in the city of David a saviour…”. The psalmist says about the joy of salvation, “Restore to me the joy of your salvation.” (Ps. 51:12). And the father said, “It was right that we should make merry and be glad, for your brother was dead and is alive again.” (Luke 15:32.)
The joy of the repentance of a sinner is in heaven and earth! When the good shepherd found the lost sheep, “He lays it on his shoulders rejoicing,” (Luke 15: 5). He also says, “..there will be more joy in heaven over one sinner who repents..” (Luke 15:7). The widow also rejoiced when she found her lost coin and called all her neighbours to rejoice with her.
We also rejoice over all means of grace…
“I rejoiced over your testimonies”, “I was glad when they said to me ‘Let us go into the house of the Lord.'” (Ps. 122: 1), “There is a river whose streams shall make glad the city of God.” (Ps. 46:4)
The righteous rejoice over temptations and reproach: (James, Chapter 1).
“My brethren, count it all joy when you fall into various trials” so I rejoice over tribulations.
The greatest joy is that of the kingdom: